The Pease family in England before coming to America


The Pease family lived in Essex County in the eastern part of England. They were Saxons who came to England in 1000.  They first came as raiders, but later stayed and then fiercely resisted the Vikings.  The coat of arms was granted to their Saxon ancestor during the reign of Otto II, Emperor of Germany from 972-981. They lived in the village of Great Baddow, 30 miles NE of London and just 2 miles from the city of Chelmsford. The road continued NE to Ipswich, the nearest seaport.  During the Saxon era Great Baddow belonged to Algar, Earl of Mercia, but in 1071 it was seized by William the Conqueror following a Saxon rebellion. There were 3 manor houses in Great Baddow that at one time each belonged to 3 Pease brothers: Barnes Manor, Cutin Manor, and Pease Manor (at one time consisted of 100 acres). The present Pease Hall (at right) was built in the 1500s and across the field from it is St. Mary's Church where many Pease family members were christened, married and buried.  The earliest Pease record that has survived in the church records is the burial of Joan Pease (daug of Robert) in 1540.  [info from Pease Family History, by Phillip J. Rice, 1982]

[Note: A recent visitor to Great Baddow could not find anyone who knew about a Pease Hall.]


Though there were many Pease family members in Essex County, England before 1485, the oldest Pease ancestor we can know for sure is:


Robert Pease "the smythe", born 1485 in Great Baddow, England (NE of London). He married Joan ? and died in 1547 in Great Baddow, the same year that Henry VIII died.  Joan died in 1552.  They were buried at St. Mary’s. The map below shows the location of Great Baddow, England, northeast of London where the Pease family lived.


During Robert the smythe’s  lifetime:

  1. 1485 - Wars of the Roses ended the year he was born

  2. 1485-1509:  Reign of King Henry VII (Tudor) (age 0 to 24)

  3. 1491 - King Henry VIII was born. 

  4. 1492:   Columbus Voyages to the New World  (age 7)

  5. 1509-1547:  Reign of King Henry VIII (Tudor) (age 24 to 62)

  6. 1522:   Magellan circumnavigates the world (age 37)

  7. 1533 - Henry VIII married Anne Boleyn after divorcing his first wife, Catherine or Aragon.

  8. 1536 - Anne was beheaded.

  9. 1537 - 3rd wife Jane Seymour died after having Edward.

  10. abt 1539 - Henry divorced Anne of Cleves

  11. 1542 - 5th wife, Catherine Howard beheaded.

  12. 1547 - Henry VIII died. King Edward VI became king.


Robert & Joan had 3 children:

1. John Pease, born 1510

2. Margaret Pease, d 1545

  1. 3.Joan Pease, died 1540, buried St. Mary’s Church



2nd generation in England:

John Pease "the smythe" (born 1510) married Ann? He died Oct 13, 1556 (age 46) in Great Baddow, England during the reign of Bloody Queen Mary, who had nearly 300 protestants burned at the stake during her last 3 years, ending in 1558. John died during that time, but don’t know what he died from.  He was buried Oct 13, 1556 at St. Mary’s Church in Great Baddow. Ann died in 1591.  During John the smythe’s lifetime:

  1. 1533 - Henry VIII married Anne Boleyn.

  2. 1536 - Anne was beheaded

  3. 1537 - Jane Seymour died

  4. 1539 - Henry divorced Anne of Cleves

  5. 1542 - Catherine Howard was beheaded.

  6. 1547 - Henry VIII died, and John Pease's father died.

  7. 1552 - John Pease’s mother died

  8. 1553 - King Edward died.

  9. 1556 - John Pease died

  10. 1558 - Queen Mary died; Elizabeth became queen


John & Ann Pease's children were:

1. John "the clothier" Pease, born 1540, Great Baddow, England. Married Margaret Hykes

2. Lettis Pease, d 1567

3. Alice Pease, married John Taft in 1560

4. Edward Peasem, d 1580

5. Robert Pease, d 1552

  1. 6.Margaret Pease, married John Byekinir in 1564



3rd generation in England:     [Every generation has a Robert and a John!]
John Pease "the clothier", born 1540 (baptized 1540) in Great Baddow, Essex County, England and died there in 1616 (age 76).  John's childhood was a very turbulent time for England as they swung from Protestant to Catholic and back to Protestant.  His father died in 1556 when he was only 16 and 2 years before Elizabeth became Queen.
He married Margaret Hykes (1540-1612), daughter of Richard Hyckes.   He and Margaret both lived to a ripe old age of 76 & 72.   There are 2 records in the Great Baddow register that could be him: “John Pease son of John was buried 5 Oct 1615”, and “John Pease was buried 14 Jan 1616”. He was buried at St. Mary’s.

During his lifetime:

  1. 1509-1547 - Reign of King Henry VIII (birth until age 7)

  2. 1547-1553 - Reign of King Edward VI  (age 7 to 13)

  3. 1553-1558 - Reign of Queen Mary I  (age 13 to 18)

  4. 1556 - John the clothier’s father died

  5. 1558-1603 - Reign of Queen Elizabeth I  (age 18 to 63)

  6. 1562-1598 - Wars of religion in France (age 22 to 58)

  7. 1563 - Black Plague (again) at age 23

  8. 1565 - First permanent European settlement in the United States is established at St. Augustine, Florida, by the Spanish.

  9. 1587 - Sir Walter Raleigh founds Roanoke Colony, the first English settlement in the New World, in the Virginia Colony.

  10. 1588 - Spanish Armada defeated by the English (age 48)

  11. 1590 - Roanoke Colony found deserted.

  12. 1603 - a massive outbreak of the plague killed 30,000 people in London that year (age 63)

  13. 1603-1625 - Reign of King James I (Stuart) begins. (age 63)  

  14. 1605 - Guy Fawkes (a Catholic) attempts to blow up parliament (age 65)

  15. 1606 - Australia discovered by William Jansz (age 66)

  16. 1607 - Jamestown Colony Established (age 67)

  17. 1611 - King James Bible is published (age 71 )

  18. 1612 - Last (recorded) burning of heretics in England (age 72)

  19. 1612 - Margaret died.

  20. 1616 - John died (age 76)


Children:
1. Robert Pease, b 1565. His wife and 2 sons, Robert Jr & John moved to the American colonies.
2. Richard Pease, m ? Prott & Susan Wither
3. John Pease
4. Alice Pease, m John Clark
5. Joan Pease
6. Thomas Pease, m Sara ?
7. Mary Pease, m Benjamin Carter


4th generation in England:

Robert Pease the “locksmith was born 1565. Both he and his parents survived the plague of 1603, the year King James I was crowned.  30,000 people died of the plague in London alone in 1603.  King James began his reign by proclaiming that he would make people conform to the state religion or drive them out of the land.

Robert's parents died about 1612/1616.

His will of 1613 was proven in 1623.  He was buried at St. Mary’s. His widow, Margaret moved to the American colonies in 1639, following her sons, Robert and John, who had moved there in 1634.

During his lifetime:

  1. 1553 - Elizabeth I became queen.

  2. 1563 - Black Plague

  3. 1565 - First permanent European settlement in the United States is established at St. Augustine, Florida, by the Spanish.

  4. 1587 - Sir Walter Raleigh founds Roanoke Colony, the first English settlement in the New World, in the Virginia Colony.

  5. 1588 - Spanish Armada defeated by the English

  6. 1590 - Roanoke Colony found deserted.

  7. 1603 - a massive outbreak of the plague killed 30,000 people in London that year (age 38)

  8. 1607 - Jamestown Settlement is founded by John Smith. His dream was to find gold, but tobacco was the chief profitable export.

  9. 1603-1625 - Reign of King James I (Stuart) begins.

  10. 1605 - Guy Fawkes (a Catholic) attempts to blow up parliament

  11. 1606 - Australia discovered by William Jansz

  12. 1607 - Jamestown Colony Established )

  13. 1611 - King James Bible is published

  14. 1612 - Last (recorded) burning of heretics in England

  15. 1614 - The Dutch claim New Netherland (in New York).

  16. 1619 - First shipment of African slaves arrives in Virginia.

  17. 1620 - Pilgrims arrive at Plymouth (at right).

  18. 1623 - Robert died.

  19. 1628 - Massachusetts Bay Colony founded.

  20. 1628 Thomas Hooker was appointed lecturer at St. Mary's Church in Great Baddow.

  21. 1630-40 - The Great Migration. Massachusetts's population sky rocketed with the migration of approximately 21,000 immigrants to New England, about a third of them from England.

  22. 1634 - Robert’s sons, Robert and John, moved to New England

  23. 1639 - Robert’s wife, Margaret, joined her sons in America

  24. 1644 - Margaret died in Salem, Mass.


Children of Robert & Margaret:

1. ? Pease, b Dec 10, 1587

2. Robert Pease, Jr., b Oct 28, 1589. He came with his brother John to America in 1634.

3. William Pease, b 1591; d 1623

4. John Pease, b 1593; d 1600

5. Mary Pease, b 1600

6. Elizabeth Pease, b 1602

7. Richard Pease, b/d 1607

  1. 8.John Pease, b 1608. He came with his brother Robert to America in 1634.


Sons Robert and John emigrated to America in 1634. Continued at “American-Peases.”



 
Pease Family ... in England

St. Mary’s Church in Great Baddow, England where several early Peases were baptized, married and buried. 

Great Baddow, England (NE of London) where the Pease family was from.

Related books:

Pease Hall