Genealogy of Noah to Alfred the Great

See also ancestral line from Noah to Adam.

Links under some names go to a web page that tells more about that person.


Sources: Ancient Post-Flood History (Johnson), After the Flood (Cooper),

Forgotten History of the Western People (Gascoigne), The Table of Nations (Cooper).

All these are excellent books and go into much greater detail why this lineage can be trusted.


    This section of the line back to Noah is the most difficult, and some parts are hard to validate. The good news is, you can go back much farther in history than you may have thought possible, but some it is a bit sketchy. There is lots of information (ancient documents) out there, but they don’t all quite agree, so it’s impossible to have a completely dependable genealogy, but this is at least very likely.

    The first 3 (Noah, Japheth & Javan) are in the Bible, so we can feel sure about them.

    Historians pretty much agree with #47-Cerdic to #60-Alfred, but parts of #4-Elisha to #46-Elesa are disputed. Though there are several different existing ancient records of these lines, they differ somewhat. There are several countries in Europe that have an ancient listing of their royal line (some from Noah, some starting with #19-Sceaf), and this before they were christianized or would have had access to a Bible. Several different ancient manuscripts preserve the Anglo-Saxon royal lines for: Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Iceland, and 6 Saxon royal houses in England. Then here is King Alfred’s biography which lists his genealogy. All these different sources match enough (the order is always the same, though some leave out certain generations) which makes them fairly dependable, but are different enough that it’s evident they weren’t just copied from each other. Armenian has their genealogy back to Togarmah, which the Bible says is the grandson of Japheth. and Georgian histories both shows their line of descent from Noah. The people of Georgia are also descended from Togarmah, through a different son.

    So, though this isn’t a completely dependable lineage, I still think it’s fascinating to consider all the ancient records still available, instead of believing that we have no history beyond the Romans arriving in England in 55 BC. I suspect that many modern historians want no historical connection to the biblical story of Noah.

    Dates are somewhat of a problem, since there has not been, until the last few hundred years, a common calendar. So, with all these considerations, here is a good possibility for the line from Noah to King Alfred (from many sources):

 

  1. 1.Noah, who built the ark, was born in 2944 BC. The Flood came in 2344 B.C. Before the Flood he had sons, Japheth, Shem & Ham. Noah was 498 when he married, 500 when Japheth was born, 502 when Shem was born. Noah lived 950 years. His son, Shem lived 600 years. Noah divided the earth between his 3 sons: Japheth was given Europe and northern Asia; Shem was given the Middle East, India, maybe south Asia?; Ham was given Africa. See a longer bio for Noah.

  2. 2.Japheth, b 2444 BC, 100 years before the Flood. Noah took the 3 daughters of his uncle Eliakim, son of Methuselah, for wives for his sons [Jasher 5:35], so Japheth married a cousin in the righteous line of Enoch-Methuselah.

  3. Japheth had 7 sons that moved out over Europe, occasionally intermingling. They were Javan (Romans, Anglo-Saxons, Scandinavians), Gomer (French, Celts/Irish/Welsh, German, Polish, Armenian), Magog (Russian), Madai (Medes, Kurds), Tubal (Spain/Basques, Portugal), Meshech (Russia and possibly Mongolia--others say Mongolians and Chinese descend from Ham), Tiras (Thracians, Bulgaria, Romania, western Turkey, some migrated to Sweden). I doubt that anyone has this figured out, but here are some web pages that show more on these sons: Gomer, Magog, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, Tiras,

  4. Scandinavian lists (Norway, Sweden, Denmark) have “Noah > Sceaf,” causing some to believe Sceaf (pron. sheaf) is another name for Japheth. But if Sceaf is Japheth, there are only 20-some generations between #2-Japheth and #38-Woden (200 AD) in 2600 years--which is difficult to conceive, even though these generations may have lived longer. The Icelandic list, however, shows Sceaf (also Seskef) descending from #10-Priam. So, #3 - #18 adds 15 more generations between Japheth and Woden, which gives us about 35-40 generations in 2600 years.

  5. 3.Javan. His descendants settled Greece. “Javan” is used by several OT books to signify Greeks. They also became the Anglo-Saxons and Scandinavians. Javan had 3-5 sons: Eli’shah, Tharsus (Tarshish), Cethimus (Kittim/Italians), and maybe Dodanim, and Iobaath (ancestor of the Britains/Welsh, Goths and Saxons). They first settled the “Island” of the Mediterranian, later Macedonia. (More on Javan.)

  6. 4.Elishah (“blue and purple from the coasts of Elishah,” in Ezekiel 27:7.) Josephus places him in the Aegean Sea where the dye was obtained. Greek mythology says that Zeus & Electra were the parents of Dardanus. [Another source says Dardanus was the son of Zerah en Judah (b in Crete) and Electra. Zerah was in the Bible, the son of Judah & Tamar. But I wonder if some sources are just trying to prove that the Trojans and later Irish are Jewish descendants. Nennius, writing a British history in 833 AD, says that Dardanus was the son of Elisha.]

  7. 5.Dardanus, b abt 1519 BC--d abt 1414 BC, founder of Dardania near the Dardarnelles strait. He was an Etruscan from NW Italy; married Batea, daug of Teucer, a local king of Phrygia and the city, Ilium that later became Troy. He was a contemporary of Moses (b1571BC-d1407BC, the Exodus 1446/1491BC) who was the 16th generation after Noah, so perhaps some generations are missing in the Noah-to-Dardanus’ line.) A lot of information about Dardanus and his line through Priam came from various ancient Greek writers, such as Homer and Virgil.

  8. 6.Erichthonius, King of Ilium. Married Astyoche. Homer’s Iliad says King Erichthonios was the richest of all rulers when he was alive. He inherited his father’s throne and his grandfather, Teucer’s throne. He reigned for 46 or 65 years.

  9. 7.Trois/Tros. When he became king he changed the name of the city to Troy. King of Dardania and Troy.

  10. 8.Ilus. [The British/Welsh line breaks off here with a brother of Ilus: Assaracus (King of Dardania) > Capys > Anchises > Aeneas (or Angeas, m Creusa, daug of Priam, fled burning Troy, went to Italy) > Ascanius > Silvius > Brutus, who led a group of people to Britain in 1116 BC].

  11. The following is the Anglo-Saxon line that eventually invaded England around 400 AD and pushed the native Britons back into Wales.

  12. 9.Laomedon, known for his arrogance and for not keeping his promises. He was King of Troy when the Greek, Heracles sacked it an carried off Laomedon’s daug Hesione. His children: Tithonus, Priam, Clytius, Hicetaon

  13. 10.Priam, King of Troy (Walled the city. He was chief king over 12 kings. Married Hecuba. His son, Paris, stole Helen from the Greeks which started the Trojan War. Priam hoping for to exchange Helen for his sister, Hesione). The Fall of Troy was around 1250 BC. He had many children (maybe 55): Hector, Paris,

  14. Not everything can be dated, but an occasional firm date helps us link all these together. The Trojan War and Troy itself were once considered myths, but now archeologists believe they have found the location of Troy and and looking for other places in Greek “mythology.” This was a 10-year war dated sometime between 1300 BC and 1184 BC. This family line lived in Turkey at the site of Troy until sometime after the War. They then moved (date?) to and area east of the Azov Sea (on NW edge of the Black Sea) and founded a settlement called Asgard on the Dan River. Then by #38-Woden’s time they were under threat by the Romans and so moved on.

  15. 11.Troana (Troain), daug of Priam, m Memnon (Mennon or Munon), King of Asgard, ca 1230 BC.

  16. 12.Tror (Thor), king of Thrace (ca 1189 or 1200 BC),  [This genealogy from Tror down to Oden/Woden is from the Icelandic manuscript, “Prose Edda.”] Tror (Thor) was raised in Thrace (eastern Macedonia) by Duke Loricus. He was beautiful with lovely golden hair. At age 12 he killed Loricus and took possession of the realm of Thrace. Married a prophetess called Sibyl (Sif), from the north. She also was beautiful with golden hair.

  17. 13.Loridi Hloritha Vingener Trorsson, b 1170 BC, King of Thrace (led a group to Caucasus Mtns, founded new city of Asgard in East Europe, in the area of southern Russia. Perhaps Azerbaijan’s name (just south of the Caucasus Mtns. came from this settlement.) Europeans today are called Caucasian.

  18. 14.Einridi, b 1140 BC

  19. 15.Vingethor

  20. 16.Vingener

  21. 17.Modi

  22. 18.Magi

  23. 19.Seskef (Sceaf)

  24. 20.Bedwig (above this man King Alfred’s list is wrong. He has Bedwig, son of Shem, son of Noah)

  25. 21.Hwala (Guala), (Some royal lines skip this one, but he is on King Alfred list)

  26. 22.Sceaf? (not on King Alfred list)

  27. 23.Hrathra (Hadra, Athra)

  28. 24.Itermon (Itrmann)

  29. 25.Heremod

  30. 26.Skjaldun, Scealdwea

  31. 27.Beaw (Bjar)

  32. 28.Beowa? (not in the King Alfred list)

  33. 29.Taetwa (Tecti)

  34. 30.Geat (Guta, Jat). Married Flocwald, Queen of the Trojans. (Beowulf of literary fame is a descendant of Geat). His descendants took his name and were called the Geats, and later lived in an area of southern Sweden.

  35. 31.Godwulf (Folcpaid was not in the King Alfred list, might be same as Godwulf or his son,)

  36. 32.Flocward? (not in the King Alfred list), b 110 AD in Asgard, East Europe (now southern Russia)

  37. 33.Finn (Fran),

  38. 34.Frithuwulf? (not on all lists, not in the King Alfred list)

  39. 35.Freawine? (only 2 list shows him, not in the King Alfred list), b abt 85 m Audumbla Buri (b Asgard)

  40. 36.Frealeaf (Fridleif), b abt 135 in Asgard.

  41. 37.Frithuwald, b 170 in Asgard, Norway (or Russia). He was part of the Geat tribe. He married Bestia of Asgard (b194, d 270 in Ghor, Afganistan). He died 219, Asgard.

  42. 38.Woden/Odin Sigge. Born abt 210, Asgard. Reuters News Agency report from Nov. 30, 2001: "The Viking god Odin may have been a real king who lived in what is now southern Russia 2,000 years ago,” Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdahl said Odin lived on the Azov Sea (east side of Crimea, which empties into the Black Sea). His people were called the Asers. He was driven out by the Romans and took his band across Russia, Germany, Denmark Norway, and Sweden (perhaps taking many years to travel). Died Logrinn, Sigtuna, Uppsala, Sweden. The Icelandic story says that Woden was born in Turkey and he was the first in his family line to go to Sweden.

  43. He is also thought to have lived on the island of Finn (Fyn) to the east of Jutland in Denmark.

  44. Woden was later worshipped as a god by his descendants, a common practice for the ancients to see their king as a god. The Asgarders soon split into 2 camps: the Scandinavians or Vikings, and the Wessexers or Saxons of southeast England.

  45. The above list (from #19-Sceaf down) is the English (Alfred), Danish, and Norwegian king lists from Noah to Woden. After Woden (who Wednesday is named for) the line splits into 10 different lines: 6 sons were ancestors of the 6 royal houses of England (Kent, Wessex, East Anglia, Winta/Lindsey, Mercia, and Northumbri. And 3 more sons became kings in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The following line goes to Alfred the Great of the House of Wessex in England. 

  46. 39.Beldeg (Baeldaeg), b abt 240 (bet 215-267). Children: Forsete, Bernic and Brand.

  47. 40.Brond (Brand) of Scandinavia. Born abt 270 Saxony, Northern Germany. Died Schleswig. Children: Frithogar, Forseti and Bernic.

  48. 41.Freothogar (Friogar) of Ancient Saxony. Born abt 299 Saxony, Germany; d 340 Schleswig, Germany.

  49. 42.Freawine (Freovin) of Saxony, b 327, d 434.

  50. 43.Wigg of Saxony. Born 355, Saxony, died 458, Saxony, Germany.

  51. 44.Gewis (Gegwis/Giwis) of Saxony. Born 383, died 474. (“   ” leaves out Wigg, Freawine, Freothogar, and makes Brond the father of Gewis)

  52. 45.Esla of Saxony. Born 411, died 502. He married possibly daughter of Gevar, King of Denmark.

  53. 46.Elesa (Aluca) of Saxony, born 439, died 514.

  54. 47.Cerdic, b abt 467. He first of the Saxons to come to England. First King of Saxon Wessex ruling 519-534. Died 534 Wessex, England. From Cerdic down the line is pretty dependable.

  55. 48.Creoda (in King Alfred’s list)

  56. 49.Cynric, b 495, Wessex, England. King of Wessex 534-560. Died 560, Wessex. Father of Ceawlin & Cutha. (Beowulf, also b in 495 AD, was raised by the Geat King, Hrethel in Sweden).

  57. 50.Ceawlin, b 535, Wessex, England. King of Wessex 560-592, when he lost his throne in a battle. Died 593, Wessex.

  58. 51.Cuthwin, b 545-565, Wessex, England. His father lost the throne to a usurper, so Cuthwine spent most of his life in exile.

  59. 52.Cutha (Cuthwulf/Cudam), b 592. The third son of Cuthwine. He was not king. Died 648.

  60. 53.Ceowald, b abt 622. Died 688, Wessex, England. He was not king.

  61. 54.Cenred (Coenred), born 644. King of West Saxons. Died 694, Wessex, England. Children: Ine, Cwenburh, Somerset, Cuthburh, Cwengyth, and Ingild.

  62. 55.Ingild, born 672-680. Brother of Ina/Ine, Kine of Wessex. Ina went to Rome and died there.

  63. 56.Eoppa, b 706. King of Wesssex. Died 781, England.

  64. 57.Eafa, b 730. King of Mercia 757-796. Married a Kentish princess and became also King of Kent.

  65. 58.Ealhmund (Edmund), b abt 1750, Wessex, England. King of Wessex under King of Kent. Died 786, probably killed by Offa of Kent.

  66. 59.Ecbryht (Egbert), b 769-75, King of Wessex 802-838.

  67. 60.Ethelwulf, King of Wessex, b 795-806 Wessex, England. Died 858, married Osburga, and noble woman and religious, she was the daughter of Oslac, the Goth, who was the butler of King Ethelwulf. Ethelwulf divided his kingdom with his son, Ethelbald into West-Saxons (Wessex) and East-Angles. Ethelwulf and his sons fought invading Vikings all their lives.

  68. Children: Ethelbald (a rebellious son who took half his father’s kingdom--Wessex. d 860), Edmund (became king of East-Angles at age 15), Ethelbert (reigned 5 years, joined Kent, Surrey and Sussex to his kingdom), Ethelred (became king of West-Saxons in 866, reigned 5 years, died in battle), daughter: Burhred (m king of the Mercians), Alfred.

  69. 61.Alfred the Great, born 849 Wantage, Bershire, England, the 5th son of Aethelwulf. The only king of England titled “the Great.”  When he was 5 he was sent to Rome. Pope Leo adopted him as his spiritual son. when he was 7 he went again to Rome with his father and remained a whole year. He was King of Wessex (West Saxons) from 871 to 899. He was a Christian and an educated man.  He defended England against the Vikings. He had a book written about him, “The Life of King Alfred,” by John Asser, a Welsh monk in 893 AD. This book contained his genealogy back to Noah, but it follows Noah with Scheaf (Seth). Alfred had 5 children: Aelfthryth (m Count of Flanders), Aethelflaed, Aethelgifu, Edward, Aethelweard.


To go forward from Alfred to the present day, go to this link.